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Sofia Opera and Ballet
29.05.2020 um 19:00 MEZ
Freitag, May 29, 2020 - 19:00

Sofia Opera and Ballet

Boris Godunow

Nur Schuld kann die unbegrenzte Macht zerstören.

Opern | Mussorgsky

Zar Boris wird von den Menschen in Russland als Retter gefeiert, doch ihn plagen Schuldgefühle über die Mittel, mit denen er die höchste Macht erlangt hat. Welches Vermächtnis wird er seinen verängstigten Kindern und seinem Volk hinterlassen?

 

Die Sofia Opera and Ballet, die diese Produktion im Jahr 2014 zur Feier des 90. Jahrestags der prächtigen St.-Alexander-Newski-Gedächtniskathedrale im Herzen der Stadt konzipierte, trat unter freiem Himmel vor dem Eingangsportal des Gebäudes auf. Die Inszenierung gedachte auch des 100. Geburtstags von Boris Christoff und des 85. Geburtstags von Nicolai Ghiaurov, den beiden großen bulgarischen Bässen, die in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts die herausragenden Performer der Titelrolle waren. Die heutigen bulgarischen Künstler*innen vereinten ihre Kräfte, um diese spektakuläre und einzigartige Hommage zu präsentieren.

Aufgezeichnet am 27. Jun4 2014

 

In russischer Sprache. Mit deutschen, englischen und französischen Untertiteln und zusätzlich automatische Übersetzungen in mehr als hundert andere Sprachen.

Verfügbar von
29.05.2020 um 19:00 MEZ

bis
28.08.2020 um 12:00 MEZ

Boris GodunowMartin Tsonev
FjodorMario Krastev
XeniaIrina Zhekova
Xenias AmmeRumyana Petrova
Fürst Wassili Iwanowitsch SchuiskiSergey Drobishevsky
Andrei SchtschelkalowBiser Georgiev
PimenAngel Hristov
Alter MannDimitar Stanchev
Grigori OtrepjewKostadin Andreev
WarlaamPetar Buchkov
MissailPlamen Papazikov
Der GastwirtTsveta Sarambelieva
Ein SchwachsinnigerHrisimir Damyanov
Polizeibeamter 1Orlin Nevenkin
Polizeibeamter 2Nikolay Petrov
MitjukhaAnton Radev
Patriarch JobStoyan Alexiev
ChorChor und Ballett der Sofia Opera
OrchesterOrchester der Sofia Opera


MusikModest Mussorgsky
Musikalische LeitungKonstantin Chudovsky
Regie und SzenographiePlamen Kartaloff
RegieassistentinVera Beleva
KostümeMarta Mironska, Stanka Vauda
BeraterAlexander Kostyuchenko
Grafischer KünstlerBoyan Donev
Musikalische VorbereitungBoris Spasov
ChorleiterinVioleta Dimitrova
Kinderchor-LeiterinTanya Lazarova
LichtAndrej Hajdinjak
KonzertmeisterMaria Evstatieva

Prolog

1598. Boris Godunov has retired to the Novodievichy Monastery near Moscow. The police force a crowd to beg Boris to become Tsar of Russia. The boyar Shchelkalov announces that Boris still refuses the throne and mourns Russia’s unsolvable misery. A procession of pilgrims prays to God for help. The police warn the crowd to be at the Kremlin the next morning ready to cheer.
The next day, the bells of Moscow herald Boris’s coronation. On a square in the Kremlin, the new tsar, overwhelmed by fear and melancholy, begs God to look kindly on him. He invites the people to a feast. The people rejoice.
 

I. Akt

1603. In the Chudov Monastery, the monk Pimen is writing the last chapter of his Russian history. The novice Grigory awakens from a nightmare and expresses his regret at not having tasted glory in war and society. He questions Pimen about the dead Tsarevich Dimitri, rightful heir to Boris’s throne. Pimen recounts the events leading Dimitri’s murder (the assassins implicated Boris before they died) and remarks that the tsarevich would have been Grigory’s age. Alone, Grigory condemns Boris and decides to flee the monastery.
Now on a mission to unmask Boris and impersonate Tsarevich Dimitri, Grigory is trying to enter Lithuania to find support for his cause. At an inn near the border, he falls in with two vagrant monks, Varlaam and Misail, and uses them as cover. No sooner has he asked the innkeeper, who warns that the frontier is heavily patrolled, for directions to the border than a police officer enters with a warrant for Grigory’s arrest. The officer is illiterate, so Grigory reads the warrant, substituting a description of Varlaam for his own. But Varlaam can read. Grigory escapes, pursued by the police.
 

II. Akt

In Boris’s apartments, his daughter mourns the death of her fiancé. Boris comforts her tenderly, talks intimately with his son about the succession to the throne and the responsibilities involved, then reflects to himself on the crime that brought him to the throne and the fears that torture him. Shuisky, a powerful boyar, brings news of a pretender to the Russian throne, supported by the Polish court and the Pope. When Boris learns that the pretender claims to be Dimitri, he is deeply shocked, and Shuisky reassures him once again that the real tsarevich was in fact killed. Shuisky leaves and Boris gives way to his terror, imagining that he sees Dimitri’s ghost. Torn by guilt and remorse, he prays for forgiveness.
 

III. Akt

Grigory, who now openly claims to be Dimitri, has made his way to Sandomir Castle in Poland, where he hopes to court and win the powerful Marina Mnishek. Marina intends to win Grigory in order to realize her ambition of ascending the Russian throne. But the Jesuit Rangoni has his own plan: Marina must seduce Grigory for the glory of the church, and convert Russia to Catholicism through their union. Grigory awaits Marina in the castle garden, receives assurances from Rangoni of Marina’s love, and finally courts Marina. She rejects his declarations of love until she is sure of his determination to become tsar.
 

IV. Akt

In front of Cathedral of St. Basil in Moscow, starving peasants debate whether Tsarevich Dimitri is still alive when they receive the news that his troops are nearby. A group of children torment a Holy Fool and steal his last kopek. When Boris and his court come from the cathedral to distribute alms, the Holy Fool asks Boris to kill the children the way he killed Dimitri. Shuisky orders to seize the Holy Fool, but Boris asks his accuser to pray for him  instead. The Holy Fool refuses to intercede for a murderer. When Boris’s entourage passes by and the people disperse, the Holy Fool laments Russia’s dark future.
In the Duma, the council of boyars passes a death sentence on the accused. Shuisky arrives with a report on Boris’s hallucinations of the murdered tsarevich. Boris suddenly storms in, disoriented, and cries out to Dimitri. When he regains his composure Shuisky brings Pimen before the Duma. Pimen tells of a man who was cured of blindness while praying at Dimitri’s grave. Boris collapses. He sends the boyars away and calls for his son.  He appoints him heir to the throne, says a fond farewell to the boy and dies.
Auf einer Waldlichtung in der Nähe von Kromy ergreift und demütigt ein wütender Mob mehrere Bojaren und Polizisten. Varlaam und Misail treten ein, um Boris' Schuld zu verkünden. Der Mob bekräftigt seine Entschlossenheit, die alte Ordnung niederzureißen, und als zwei Jesuiten an der Spitze des polnisch-katholischen Trupps auftauchen, werden sie von der Menge angegriffen und brutal behandelt. Der falsche Dimitri trifft mit Marina, Rangoni und seiner Armee ein. Er ruft die jubelnden Menschen auf, ihm auf seinem Marsch nach Moskau zu folgen. Der heilige Narr bleibt zurück und beklagt das trostlose und ungewisse Schicksal Russlands.